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The Power In Knowing How To

first_img Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now Strategy is important. So is vision. You know where you want to take your team. You know what results you need to achieve. And you know how you intend to compete and win in your markets.Leaders love to talk strategy, vision, and meaning. What they often spend too little time on is actually teaching their people “how to.”Get TacticalOne of the greatest minds on winning wrote, “Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat.”Your team knows what you want. They are smart. Intellectually, they understand what you want. This isn’t where they struggle. The resistance that you sense isn’t to your strategy or your vision. They’re not trying to be adversarial or obstructionist.The reason your team isn’t doing what you need them to do is that they don’t know how. They lack the confidence that they can achieve the necessary outcomes. Mostly this is because what you are asking of them is difficult.The strategy isn’t the challenging part; it’s the putting it into practice that is the difficult part. It’s the tactics.Tell Me How ToIt’s difficult to gain appointments with the dream clients that you need to grow your business and do the meaningful work that you want to do. Most salespeople struggle with opportunity acquisition. If you want them to improve here, you have to help with the “how to.” They already know you want more and better opportunities.It’s difficult to build consensus around a new idea. It is super challenging just to break out of the silo in which your power sponsor has caged you. If your team knew how to get out of that cage without alienating the people with whom they have relationships, they’d have already done so. They know why they’re stuck. What they don’t know is how to get unstuck.And now you want them to capture value? If you haven’t had the pleasure of sitting across from clients defending your price for some time, you might be surprised how difficult it is to convince your dream client that there is a difference between price and cost. Oh, and don’t get me wrong here; intellectually, your dream client understands. It’s getting them to agree to make the larger investment instead of demanding a discount that’s the challenging part.There is power and confidence in knowing how.You need to understand where your team struggles. You need know how they are challenged. Then you need to teach them how to overcome those challenges.They want to give you what you want. They’re not being obstinate. They just need your help. Will you give it to them?last_img read more

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Your Three Major Outcomes

first_imgThis post was written as part of the IBM for Midsize Business program, which provides midsize businesses with the tools, expertise and solutions they need to become engines of a smarter planet.We tend to overestimate how much work we can do in a short period of time. We believe we can cram more work into a short period by writing it down on a daily to-do list of some kind, only to be disappointed by how few of these outcomes we actually obtain.If we greatly overestimate what we can do in a short period of time, we greatly underestimate what we can do in a longer period of time. While we are too ambitious when it comes to what we can do in a day, we aren’t ambitious enough to what we can do in a quarter (Or a year. Or a decade. Or a lifetime.)There is some magic in the number three. It’s not few when it comes to goals, and it’s not too many.Major OutcomesStart by choosing the three biggest outcomes (goals) you need to achieve in a calendar year. Choosing more outcomes doesn’t make you more effective, it only makes you more distracted and unfocused. We’ll call these your major outcomes (or goals).What are the three major outcomes (goals) you need to achieve right now?Quarterly MilestonesNext, make a list of the three outcomes you need for each of your major outcomes for each quarter of the year. You can’t achieve your major outcomes without reaching these quarterly milestones along the way.Because your major outcomes are so far away, you may be tempted to put off working on them. These quarterly milestones giving you a shorter-term target on which to focus.Major OutcomeA). Quarterly Milestone 1B). Quarterly Milestone 2C). Quarterly Milestone 3You don’t need to plan all four quarters. In fact, if you are worried about the perfect plan, your probably really just avoiding the real work you need to do (in which case, you may want to go read Steven Pressfield before you go any further). These three quarterly milestones are enough to plan an effective week around.Weekly OutcomesYou can’t do everything you want to in a single day. But you can do good quality work on enough of your outcomes to be super-productive.Completing three tasks that move you closer towards your major goals each day is serious progress. By choosing three tasks that move you closer to your goals each day, you aren’t overwhelmed or distracted. You’ve also left some margin for the stuff that life throws at you.If you get nothing done in the day but the three most important tasks, you’ve still made major progress on your most important goals.Don’t worry about not having enough goals. As you complete each of your three major outcomes, you can replace them with new goals.QuestionsWhat’s on your big three list? What should be there?How much time do you really devote to the biggest outcomes you want out of life?Does your calendar contain the appointments you’ve made with yourself so you have the appropriate time blocked to wok on your big three?How much is too much? Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

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Your Loyalty Is Required

first_img Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Now The deal is good for your prospect. The prospect will receive all the value you promise and more, but at a price that makes it impossible for your company to generate the profit necessary to serve the client and sustain a responsible margin. The deal is great for your prospect, great for you, but bad for your company.Your client has terms and conditions on their paper (read: contract) that shifts the liability so far in your direction that any profit you would stand to make would come at too great a risk. You want the deal, and your dream client wants the deal, but the risk-bearing party does not.The demands your prospective client is going to make on your operations is unlike anything anyone in that role has ever experienced—or anything any other clients has ever expected. It’s not that the service level agreements are going to stretch the operations team, but rather that they’ve been set up to fail with impossible demands that would break the laws of physics. The prospect really wants what they want, and you really want the business, but it will harm people responsible.A great company makes for a great prospect. They are financially strong and stable, and one of the ways they have such amazing cash flow is by stretching the companies that serve them with payment terms that are beyond the pale. Worse still, even though they have the money to pay and pay promptly, they make their suppliers ask for the money over and over before they pay their bills. They need your help, and you want the logo. Your company, however, doesn’t believe it is a bank.You serve your clients, and you need to care about them. They also need to believe that you create enough value to treat you like a partner, not a supplier or vendor. The best relationships are built on mutual respect and trust, something that is difficult to do with people who have a low moral intelligence (MQ).The company you work for is your house. It never makes sense to burn your own house to the ground.last_img read more

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Why You Need To Believe Sales Success Is Not Situational

first_imgSuccess in sales isn’t situational. I need offer no greater explanation than success itself is individual, a statement that is easily supported by the evidence. That said, here is the case for success in sales being individual, not situational.General Truth 1: Everything Is the SameImagine the most successful sales organization. The salespeople who make up that sales force has a top twenty-percent, a middle sixty-percent, and a bottom twenty-percent. These salespeople work for the same company, sell the same thing to similar clients, and have the same prices. This sales force also shares the same competitors. Why do some do so much better than others, even when they have the same manager?With so many factors being consistent across the sales force, why such huge variations in results? This eliminates any argument that sales success is situational.General Truth 2: None of the AdvantagesA small company with little money, a small footprint, and no real compelling differentiation competes against a larger, mature, professional competitor. The larger competitor has the advantage of size, scale, reputation, and all the things a salesperson might imagine as helpful in creating a preference and easily winning a client’s business. Despite what appear to be advantages, the smaller, scrappy company beats Goliath soundly in a deal for which they shouldn’t have even been considered.With so many positives on the side of the larger competitor, how do they lose to a smaller competitor? If you believe that this situation should favor the larger company, you misunderstand success in sales.General Truth 3: Your Approach Is a VariableTwo salespeople call on the same client. One of them had an approach that allowed them to create value is the interaction, helping their prospective clients understand their world, explore change, and better recognize what they need to do to move from their current state to a better future state. The second salesperson provided an experience that was not perceived as being helpful to the prospective client.Even when two competitors are evenly matched, clients have little trouble deciding who they want to buy from and work with in the future.Attributes In Your ControlThe discipline necessary to nurture your dream clients, prospect daily, and follow up to acquire a meeting provides an advantage to the individual who commits themselves to the work. The consistent pursuit of new opportunities is individual.Learn Anthony’s core strategies & tactics for sales success at any level with The Only Sales Guide You’ll Ever NeedYour attitude is a personal decision, a choice of monumental significance to your results. Being positive, optimistic, future-oriented, and empowered provides an advantage that is unavailable to those who are cynical, pessimistic, and disempowered.It isn’t easy to move from being self-oriented to other-oriented. Even though caring is a superpower, it takes time and energy to put other people first. You can choose to make it your goal to help others produce better results than they can without you, and in doing so, improve your individual success in sales.There is something about competition that provides focus. There are consequences for losing in the great game of sales. Those who possess a competitive spirit work to win, providing them an advantage over those who believe and behave as if it is enough to show up to work.Much of success in sales, or anything else, comes from being willing to figure out how to accomplish hard things, often things with no defined right answer. Success is more commonly found by the resourceful than those with resources. The advantage belongs to those who figure things out.Of all the questions I am asked, the most frequent query is when one should give up on a prospective client. The reason some succeed where others fail is that they are pig-headed enough to persist when others give up. The rewards accrue to those who persist.Professional sales is unlike other roles. You have more individual freedom than most positions, as well as greater accountability. When you find accountability and freedom together, initiative is what is required to succeed. Those who take action without being compelled by another person or external factor perform better than those who need to be prodded to do their work.Variables In SkillThose who are willing to learn to ask for and obtain commitments, linking together meetings that provide their prospect the conversations necessary to change, do better than those who don’t ask. They also generate better results than those who believe the buyer should drive the process and that their role makes them subservient.No more pushy sales tactics. The Lost Art of Closing shows you how to proactively lead your customer and close your sales. Salespeople who know how to trade value for the commitment of time, who have a firm conviction of their ability to help their prospects improve their results, and who persist in their pursuit find they accomplish their aim. What one person can learn, another person can also learn.You need stories in sales. The ability to share stories about where your client is now and why compel change. Storytelling applied to a better future state and how to get there are also valuable to your dream clients. The ability to present ideas compellingly is a skill you can obtain, should you want to improve your results.One salesperson may have a better ability to see their client’s challenge and its root cause more clearly than another salesperson. They can also ask better, more powerful, and more compelling questions. Diagnosis is a required individual skill.There may not be a more critical skill to develop that will do more to improve your individual results in sales than business acumen and situational knowledge. You simply cannot be consultative without being able to offer your advice and your counsel. It takes time and effort, which makes it something with your control, should you want it.Success in sales is individual. If you want to improve your results, it is within your power to do so. Like success in anything, it isn’t situational. It’s a decision. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

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Family of worker compensated, GSHRC told

first_imgPANAJI: State Chief Secretary Dharmendra Sharma told the Goa State Human Rights Commission (GSHRC) on Thursday that a compensation of ₹8,39,680 has been paid to the dependants of welder Saharul Sheikh, who was burnt to death on December 26 last year at the construction site of the third Mandovi Bridge.In a reply to the complaint filed by activist and lawyer Aires Rodrigues, Mr. Sharma said the management of Larsen & Toubro, the construction company, has been directed to be more vigilant, in order to avoid such mishaps.Mr. Rodrigues had drawn the commission’s attention to the case of 29-year-old Saharul, a native of West Bengal, and had expressed his apprehension that the authorities, taking advantage the victim’s economically poor background, could hush up the matter.Contract basis He had stated that he was employed on a contract basis with the construction firm, which had been given the work by Goa State Infrastructure Development Corporation (GSIDC). Safety standards Mr. Rodrigues had also pointed out in his complaint that the authorities need to probe whether all the required safety standards were in place at the construction site, as Saharul reportedly fell into a deep trench containing hot tar while he was trying to do some welding work without wearing the appropriate safety gear.He had also said that the authorities need to give details about what measures they intend to take to avoid such mishaps, which are in violation of human and fundamental rights.last_img read more

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SP to contest five Gujarat seats, support Cong. in rest, says Akhilesh

first_imgThe Samajwadi Party will contest five of the 182 assembly seats in Gujarat and support the Congress in the rest, SP president Akhilesh Yadav said on Monday.He said the party did not want a split in the anti-BJP votes and hence would contest only the seats where it has got strong organisational base.“In Gujarat, we will be contesting five seats where our organisation is strong. We are not going to weaken the fight there (against the BJP). In the rest of the seats, the party will support Congress,” he told reporters here. The Congress and the Samajwadi Party had struck an alliance in Uttar Pradesh for the assembly elections earlier this year. The Congress had contested 105 of the 403 seats while the SP battled it out in 298 seats. Asked if he would campaign in Gujarat, the SP chief said, “I will campaign where our candidates are in the fray. If any other party approaches me, I can campaign for it.” Asked about the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath to religious places, Yadav downplayed it, saying, “I have also visited all religious places during my school tours. During Diwali, I also prayed with my family.” When asked about the allegations of Narendra Patel, an activist of Hardik Patel-led Patidar Anamat Andolan Samiti, that he was offered ₹ 1 crore for joining the BJP, Mr. Yadav took a swipe at the saffron party, saying it was the “most honest” party. “How can it do so?” He also “advised” the mediapersons not to run the story, “otherwise your channel will be closed”.On the raging Taj Mahal controversy, he said it was the identity of the country and the “Prime Minister had himself said in his speech that there was a need to attract tourism in the country”.“Had our government got NGT (National Green Tribunal) permission, we would have done more beautification work around the Taj,” said Mr. Yadav, who was the chief minister of the state between 2012 and 2017. On the proposed air show on the Agra Expressway on Tuesday, he said, “We have got the expressway constructed so that in case of any emergency, planes can land on it. I want to ask the BJP, what is their definition of ‘rashtrawad’ (Nationalism). They say we are not ‘rashtrawadis’ (Nationalists). I want the pictures of the air show to be publicised so that our workers can tell who constructed this (expressway).” The Election Commission has said that Gujarat will go to polls before December 18.last_img read more

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Bill Gates commits to work with U.P. government on welfare schemes

first_imgMicrosoft founder Bill Gates on November 17 expressed willingness to work with the Uttar Pradesh government on issues such as tackling tuberculosis, child malnutrition, maternal health, sewage treatment and soil-mapping techniques. He was also apprised of efforts taken by the State to tackle Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome and other vector-borne diseases.A delegation led by Mr. Gates, who is also the founder of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, met Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adiyanath in Lucknow on November 17.He expressed his willingness to work in U.P. by supporting the State government in soil-mapping through latest techniques, increase level of awareness among farmers to use better seeds.“We are already working with the Union government and would love to work with U.P. too,” Mr. Gates was quoted saying by the U.P. communication department. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath with Microsoft founder and philanthropist Bill Gates.   Microsoft founder Bill Gates meets U.P. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath in Lucknow on November 17, 2017.    Mr. Gates would also work on the issue of “strengthening Anganwadi centres to tackle issue of child malnutrition and fortify their diets through existing government programmes”. The Gates Foundation is also working on a better drug to treat tuberculosis faster and in a more effective manner. “Research is on and we hope to come up with this new drug in some years,” Mr. Gates said.Mr. Gates also stressed on the need to promote usage of birth spacing tools to help improve maternal and neonatal health in the State. “Gates foundation has a long expertise in sewage treatment solutions and we have been working on various projects in other states, we would also like to work on this issue in U.P. to treat municipal waste and help clean rivers,” he said.  Mr. Adityanath informed Mr. Gates about the latest efforts taken by the State to tackle Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome and other vector-borne diseases.”Eliminating the menace of JE/AES one of the top priorities of the U.P. government, Gorakhpur’s BRD medical college has been on the forefront of this mission,” Mr. Adityanath said.The U.P. government recently organised a “successful vaccination programme” to counter vector-borne diseases in the State in which over 92 lakh children were vaccinated, he added.last_img read more

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Yogi Adityanath inaugurates 10.30-km-long elevated road in Ghaziabad

first_imgUttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on Friday, March 30, 2018, inaugurated a 10.30-km-long elevated road, touted to be the longest of its kind in the country, connecting U.P. Gate and Rajnagar Extension here.Built at a cost of ₹ 1,147 crore, the six-lane elevated road is supported on 227 pillars. District magistrate and the vice chairperson of Ghaziabad Development Authority (GDA) Ritu Maheswar had said, as per its design, vehicle owners will be allowed to drive at an average speed of 80 km per hour on the road. After inaugurating the road at Rajnagar extension area, the Chief Minister took it to travel to Vasundhara. Samajwadi Party MLC Rakesh Yadav, had “inaugurated” the road on March 16 claiming that the project was started during party’s rule in the state. An FIR was lodged against Yadav along with several SP workers.last_img read more

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What Giriraj did is unacceptable, says Nitish

first_imgUnion Minister Giriraj Singh’s meeting with the families of jailed Bajrang Dal activists in Nawada is unacceptable, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar said on Monday. “An open display of sympathy for those the administration has found guilty on some counts is improper… if someone appears to have been wrongly arrested, he should move the court,” Mr. Kumar told journalists on the sidelines of his weekly public interaction programme in Patna. His government would not tolerate any attempt to disturb communal harmony. However, BJP spokesperson Sambit Patra disagreed with him. “What is wrong if Giriraj Singh as a public representative went to his constituency and met someone?… Law will take its own course and whoever is guilty will be punished,” he said. State BJP leader and party MLC Sanjay Paswan said: “Nitish Kumar is a highly respectable leader, but it has been problem with the socialists that they do not rise above the politics of appeasement,” he said.The Union Minister on Sunday met family members of Bajrang Dal and Vishwa Hindu Parishad activists arrested last week on charges of inciting communal tension during the Ram Navami celebrations in Nawada district in March.last_img read more

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CBI grills Kolkata Police chief Rajeev Kumar in Shillong

first_imgSleuths of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) questioned Kolkata Police Commissioner Rajeev Kumar for more than eight hours in connection with the Saradha chit fund scam at the agency’s office in Shillong on Tuesday.Mr. Kumar arrived at the CBI office in the hill town’s Oakland locality in a convoy escorted by the Meghalaya police at 10.45 a.m. He left the office at 7.25 p.m. after what his lawyer Biswajeet Deb termed “sharing of information”.Mr. Deb told newspersons that he was not privy to what transpired in the questioning room as he and two other West Bengal police officers — Kolkata Additional Commissioner of Police Jawed Samim and Deputy Commissioner (Special Task Force) Murlidhar Sharma — who accompanied Mr. Kumar to Shillong, were made to wait in a separate room.Not an accused: lawyerThe trio kept moving in and out of the CBI office situated on a narrow lane, heavily guarded by State police commandos.“He (Mr. Kumar) is not being interrogated as he is not an accused (in the Saradha case) but a witness. He is here to share information. He has cooperated earlier, and he is cooperating now after the Supreme Court order,” Mr. Deb said after the questioning ended.The interrogation is being headed by a 10-member team of CBI officials who came from Delhi, Lucknow and Bhopal. A couple of CBI officers, including the investigating officer of the case, came from Kolkata.A CBI officer, declining to be quoted, said Mr. Kumar would be questioned again on Sunday along with Kunal Ghosh, a journalist-turned-politician and Trinamool Congress MP in the Rajya Sabha.last_img read more

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Gehlot demands ₹1,000 crore from Centre for NREGS

first_imgAfter a request from Deputy Chief Minister Sachin Pilot to the Centre failed to elicit any response, Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot has demanded that the Union government release ₹1,000 crore under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) to continue the flagship programme in the State in the remaining period of the current financial year.In a letter to Union Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, Mr. Gehlot said Rajasthan was among the leading States in the implementation of NREGS. Under the scheme, ₹543 crore against material component and ₹260 crore against wages were pending with the Centre, he said.Mr. Gehlot requested the Union Minister to release ₹400 crore to pay wages to labourers and ₹600 crore under the material head at the earliest. “In the current financial year, 42.33 lakh rural families have been given work and 1,972.23 lakh man days have been created,” he said.The Chief Minister pointed out that Mr. Pilot had written to the Union Ministry in this regard on January 23, and added that the Chief Secretary and Additional Chief Secretary (Rural Development) had also written letters to the Ministry in November 2018 and January 2019.Full fund utilisationThe State has utilised the entire MNREGA funds released for 2018-19. Mr. Gehlot said that a total of ₹4,555 crore had been spent on the scheme during the current financial year.last_img read more

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Top Stories: Defining Consciousness, Better Biofuels, and the Brain’s Final Moments

first_imgProbing the Brain’s Final MomentsWhat people experience as death creeps in—after the heart stops and the brain becomes starved of oxygen—seems to lie beyond the reach of science. But the authors of a new study on dying rats make a bold claim: After cardiac arrest, the rodents’ brains enter a state similar to heightened consciousness in humans. The researchers suggest that if the same is true for people, such brain activity could be the source of the visions and other sensations that make up so-called near-death experiences.Will House Science Panel Need an Ethical Review?Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Earlier this month, the chair of the House of Representative’s science committee Lamar Smith (R-TX) subpoenaed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for data from decades-old air pollution studies. Now, the panel’s top Democrat is questioning the wisdom of the move, and has suggested that the committee might need an independent oversight board to approve its use of sensitive data.A Magnetic Trick to Define ConsciousnessConsciousness isn’t easy to define, but we know it when we experience it. It’s not so simple to decide when someone else is conscious, however, as doctors must sometimes do with patients who have suffered traumatic brain injury. In fact, an estimated 40% of patients initially judged to be completely unaware are later found to have some level of consciousness. Now, researchers have come up with an approach that uses the brain’s response to magnetic stimulation to judge a person’s awareness, reducing it to a numerical score they call an index of consciousness.Fixing Climate Not So EasyIn the quest to head off rising global temperatures, some scientists have argued for steep curbs in how much soot and methane are released into the air. But a new study suggests that targeting such emissions in the next couple of decades may not help reduce rates of global warming as much as we thought.Want Better Biofuels? Get the Wood OutTrees and plants contain a component called lignin that helps them stand up straight but also makes it difficult to turn them into biofuel. Now, scientists have figured out a way to remove lignin without making plants fall over or stop growing too much. The new technique makes it easier to get at the sugar-rich cellulose needed to make fuel, and could pave the way for cheaper and better biofuels.last_img read more

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Supreme Court Raises Bar for Patent Infringement

first_imgU.S. biotech companies are worried that a patent decision yesterday involving two Internet technology companies could undermine patents on methods to diagnose and treat illnesses.The case before the Supreme Court, Limelight Networks, Inc. v. Akamai Technologies, Inc., dealt with a claim on a process to store and retrieve Web content. Akamai patented a process that involves storing and retrieving content on its servers to be loaded to a webpage. Limelight Networks offered a similar service, but it didn’t perform every step of that process itself. Instead, it instructed its customers to perform one important step—“tagging” the information designated to be stored on the servers.Akamai sued for infringement, and in 2012 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled that Limelight was not liable for direct infringement because it hadn’t performed every step in the process. But the court said Limelight was still liable for “inducing” infringement, meaning that it advised or encouraged others to perform steps that led to infringement.  Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The suggestion that there are different standards for direct and induced infringement didn’t sit well with the Supreme Court, which yesterday decided unanimously that the appellate court was wrong. For there to be induced infringement, Justice Samuel Alito explained, some single entity must also be liable for direct infringement. In other words, someone has to perform all the steps in the process; they can’t be distributed.That interpretation worries many biotech companies, which often hold patents involving complex, multistep methods. “It invites circumvention. It invites gaming,” says Hans Sauer, an intellectual property counsel for the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), which submitted a brief urging the Supreme Court to uphold the lower court’s decision. Sauer says the ruling provides a “road map” for those looking to mimic a patented process without getting sued. That road map might be useful if someone wanted to parcel out the manufacturing of a drug among several companies, for instance. However, pharmaceutical companies rely much more heavily on product patents than method patents, says Arti Rai, a patent law expert at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. If multiple groups collectively produce an already patented drug, they will quickly run up against more clear-cut product patent laws. “If you’re using the thing, you’re probably infringing,” she explains.But Rai says the threat to method patents could pose a serious problem in the emerging field of personalized medicine. Patient-specific approaches to diagnosis and treatment will often involve multistep method claims, she says. For example, a company may want to file a claim on the process of drawing blood from a patient, looking for a particular biomarker, and making a diagnosis or administering a drug.This scenario remains largely hypothetical, she notes, thanks in part to previous Supreme Court decisions on what is patentable. (In 2012, the Supreme Court decided in Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. that the adjustment of drug dosage based on metabolites in a patient’s blood relied fundamentally on a law of nature, and thus couldn’t be patented.) But as companies try to obtain method patents by making the steps in the method more detailed, the Akamai decision may diminish the power of those patents. The high bar for patentability will force biotech companies to describe more specific, detailed steps in their methods, Rai says, and competitors could then avoid being sued by outsourcing any one of those steps.BIO’s Sauer agrees that this is a primary concern. “We don’t think it’s fair to sue a doctor or a patient or a clinical laboratory for the infringement of such a method,” he says, “but nonetheless, maybe it’s fair to sue somebody who masterminds the whole process and sells an infringing product to be used as part of that process.”*Correction, 4 June, 10:15 a.m.: The Supreme Court ruled on 2 June, not on 3 June, as was previously reported.last_img read more

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Science Moneyball: The Secret to a Successful Academic Career

first_img(After being alerted to differences between our widget’s prediction and that of the full model, Science consulted with the authors of the Current Biology study and discovered problems in the equations they had provided to us. We have fixed those issues, but stress that this version is a simplified version of their full model and the results will likely differ—this one depends on just six variables, while the original one draws on 50 variables from PubMed records. Still, we hope you will find this version useful as an exploratory tool, for seeing how getting more papers or citations improves your relative likelihood of becoming a PI.)For biomedical researchers who aspire to run their own labs, becoming so-called principal investigators (PIs), the secret is to publish frequently, as first author, and in top journals. That career advice may seem obvious, but this time it’s backed up by a new analysis of data scraped from PubMed, the massive public repository of biological abstracts.The study, reported today in Current Biology, uses the status of last author as a proxy for academic success. Those corresponding authors are likely to be running their own labs, the brass ring that young researchers are trying to grab. See what your chances are using Science’s PI Predictor graph.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The tool was dreamt up by David van Dijk, a computational biologist doing a postdoc at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel. If “publish or perish” really is the main determinant of academic job success, then he figured that the publication records of scientists living today should reveal that slant. So he teamed up with Ohad Manor and Lucas Carey, computational biologists at the University of Washington, Seattle, and Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, Spain, respectively, to look for statistical patterns in career trajectories.Drawing on 23 million abstracts in PubMed, the team focused on people whose full names are unique in the repository. They were also interested in gender as a hiring factor, so they used a database of first names to classify scientists as men and women, excluding those with ambiguous names. After all that filtering, they ended up with publication records of 25,604 scientists.Their analysis incorporated more than 200 variables, from the global rank of a scientist’s university, to the total number of papers, citations to those papers, and the impact factor of the journals in which they appeared. One revelation: The first few years of papers are enough to predict who will become a PI. Another is that impact factor isn’t everything. At least later in a career, a large number of publications in low-ranking journals can be just as good as a few in the big ones. That’s “perhaps the most interesting finding,” says Sam Gershman, a computational neuroscientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge.The prestige of journals is still too strong of a determinant of career destiny, Gershman argues. “If impact factor eventually becomes less important than the number of citations, our relationship to journal publishers will profoundly change,” he hopes. “We might no longer need publication in prestigious journals to further our careers, as long as our publications are highly cited. For now, however, “impact factor is still the strongest predictor of becoming a PI.”Carey says that the tool could be expanded to include data about grants funding, tenure, and other career features. “This type of analysis might suggest candidates with a high probability of success that hiring committees might initially overlook,” he says. “I’m thinking of Moneyball and the Oakland A’s,” he says, referring to the book and film about using statistical analysis to build a better baseball team. Carey says that the role of Billy Beane, the general manager who applied the technique, could be played by “a very charismatic website to which hiring committees could submit CVs.”*Correction, 2 June, 1:20 p.m.: The affiliations for Manor and Carey have been corrected.*Update, 3 June, 9:20 a.m.: This article has been updated to define a PI (principal investigator).last_img read more

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Science group asks U.S. energy secretary to intervene in case of fired Los Alamos researcher

first_imgA science advocacy group is calling on Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz to get involved in the case of political scientist James Doyle, who was fired by the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) after publishing a scholarly article questioning the value of nuclear weapons.LANL officials have said that Doyle’s departure had nothing to do with the article and a subsequent procedural dispute that resulted in the lab retroactively classifying the paper, but was the result of budget reductions. But in a letter sent to Moniz yesterday, Charles Ferguson, the president of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) in Washington, D.C., expresses skepticism. “Although the Lab may deny it, it is hard to see this turn of events as anything but tacit retaliation against Doyle for his outspokenness and his embrace of what may be a dissenting view on national nuclear policy,” Ferguson writes.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)FAS, an organization long associated with arms control efforts, urges Moniz “to take appropriate steps to see that Dr. Doyle is ‘made whole’ and that he is in no way penalized for his good faith efforts to participate in the national dialog over nuclear policy.” It also asks Moniz to review and clarify DOE’s classification guidance “to eliminate all potential ambiguity.”“As things stand, the Doyle case represents an erosion of freedom of expression that could have long-lasting and pernicious consequences,” Ferguson writes. “Without remedial action, this episode is likely to have a chilling effect [on] the ability of the labs to conduct independent, impartial assessment of national policy options.”The existence of the FAS letter was first reported by the Santa Fe New Mexican.Earlier this week, Doyle’s attorney, Mark Zaid, submitted to DOE a formal appeal of an earlier decision that rejected Doyle’s claim that LANL officials had punished him for publishing the article by classifying it. DOE has not yet responded to that appeal.last_img read more

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Creationism conference at large U.S. research university stirs unease

first_imgA creationist conference set for a major research campus—Michigan State University (MSU) in East Lansing—is creating unease among some of the school’s students and faculty, which includes several prominent evolutionary biologists.The 1 November event, called the Origin Summit, is sponsored by Creation Summit, an Oklahoma-based nonprofit Christian group that believes in a literal interpretation of the Bible and was founded to “challenge evolution and all such theories predicated on chance.” The 1-day conference will include eight workshops, according the event’s website, including discussion of how evolutionary theory influenced Adolf Hitler’s worldview, why “the big bang is fake,” and why “natural selection is NOT evolution.” Another talk targets the work of MSU biologist Richard Lenski, who has conducted an influential, decades-long study of evolution in bacterial populations. News of the event caught MSU’s scientific community largely by surprise. Creation Summit secured a room at the university’s business school through a student religious group, but the student group did not learn about the details of the program—or the sometimes provocative talk titles—until later, says MSU zoologist Fred Dyer. The talk titles led Dyer to suspect that the student group was not involved in planning the conference, he says, prompting him to look into its origins.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Creation Summit sought to hold the event at MSU because “four of our Board members live there in Michigan,” wrote Mike Smith, the group’s executive director, in an e-mail to ScienceInsider. “We hope to have conferences on campuses throughout the country, but ya gotta start somewhere.”Creation Summit is “not overtly evangelistic,” Smith wrote. But “we hope to pave the way for evangelism (for the other campus ministries) by presenting the scientific evidence for intelligent design. Once students realize they’re created beings, and not the product of natural selection, they’re much more open to the Gospel, to the message of God’s love & forgiveness.”MSU has a prominent community of evolutionary biologists. In addition to Lenski, it is the home campus of biologist Robert Pennock, who provided high-profile testimony in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, a 2005 federal court case that produced a ruling against the teaching of intelligent design in public schools. MSU is also the lead partner in the BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, a multiuniversity effort funded by the National Science Foundation that pursues a wide range of evolution-related research and education efforts.Some leaders of MSU’s evolutionary biology community are urging their colleagues to simply ignore the event, predicting that any engagement and debate will be fruitless. “In my opinion, this event will be just another forgettable blip in the long history of antiscience, antievolution screeds,” Lenski says. “I suppose the speakers chose to target our research … because their event is being held here, and maybe because they find it confusing to their worldview that evolution isn’t supposed to happen.” (Creation Summit invited both Lenski and Pennock to participate in a debate at the event; Lenski says he declined.)  Emily Weigel, an MSU graduate student in evolution and a member of the BEACON center, says the event has made her feel like she’s under attack—in part because of her own religious faith. “As a religious BEACONite, I’ve never felt unwelcome” at MSU, she says. “But this conference on campus has made me uneasy about my identity on campus for the first time. It’s antiacademic in the way it is being carried out, and honestly, it is shaming for fellow Christians to target individuals in an attack such as this one.” MSU plant biologist David Lowry says that he and some colleagues also worry that the event could harm MSU’s reputation within the scientific community.University officials say they have no plans to interfere with the event. “Free speech is at the heart of academic freedom and is something we take very seriously,” said Kent Cassella, MSU’s associate vice president for communications, in a statement. “Any group, regardless of viewpoint, has the right to assemble in public areas of campus or petition for space to host an event so long as it does not engage in disorderly conduct or violate rules. While MSU is not a sponsor of the creation summit, MSU is a marketplace of free ideas.” Meanwhile, Creation Summit’s Smith says the group is trying to find a partner organization to help them organize a similar event at University of Texas, Arlington.Update 10/27/2014, 4:35pm: The artcile has been updated to report that Lenski declined an invitation to participate in a debate at the event.last_img read more

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Why the Taj Mahal is turning brown

first_imgOn his travels to India, environmental scientist Mike Bergin of the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta noticed that workers were applying “facial masks” on the iconic Taj Mahal, the “crown of palaces” built by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife in 1653. Air pollution had turned the palace’s snowy marble dome surface brown, so workers would periodically clean it by putting clay on the dome’s exterior and then peeling it off. Scientists didn’t know what exact process caused the discoloration: Perhaps it was fog droplets oxidizing the surface or maybe sulfurous gas in the air. But Bergin had an idea: Because the brown material could be removed only by clay and not by water, the source of pollution must be small, water-insoluble particles in the air. So he and colleagues measured small particles in the air and stuck sample marble squares on the building to collect the pollutants. Just as he thought, the sample marble squares were covered with dust and light-absorbing carbon particles floating in the air. Computer modeling showed that these particles absorb ultraviolet light, thus giving the dome a yellow-brown shade, the team reports online this month in Environmental Science & Technology. Bergin blames vehicle emissions and burning of biomasses such as dung and trash for causing the pollution. Reducing these activities would not only return the Taj Mahal to its former glory, but also improve residents’ health, he says.*Correction, 15 December, 11:23 a.m.: The original photo published with the story showed a mosque at the Taj Mahal site, which was wrongly implied to be the Taj Mahal. It has been replaced with a photo of the actual Taj Mahal building.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

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India Rises to 2nd Spot on Global Biz Optimism Index

first_img“The improvement in the optimism ranking in the recent past clearly reflects that the reform agenda of the government and its efforts on improving the climate for doing business are having an impact. Related Itemslast_img

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Curry in Crisis, Bollywood Bored of London

first_imgThe cultural bond between India and the UK is unravelling, thanks to harsher visa rules and Brexit. Related Itemslast_img

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Indian Builders Celebrating The Rise of President Donald Trump

first_imgReal estate experts say Donald Trump’s win and impending elevation to be the US President will only serve to enhance the Trump Organization’s appeal to Indian developers. Related Itemslast_img

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