August, 2019 Archive
Chicago Installs Solar Powered Charging Station for Electric Vehicles Citation: Space-Based Solar Power Coming to California in 2016 (2009, April 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-04-space-based-solar-power-california.html Solaren Corp., a solar power start-up, has convinced Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), California’s largest utility company, to purchase 200 megawatts of electricity when its system is in place, which is expected to be 2016. According to Solaren, the system could generate 1.2 to 4.8 gigawatts of power at a price comparable to that of other renewable energy sources.In Solaren’s proposal, solar power satellites would be positioned in stationary orbit about 22,000 miles above the equator. The satellites – whose arrays of mirrors could be several miles across – would collect the sun’s rays on photoelectric cells and convert them into radio waves. The radio waves would then be beamed to a receiving station on the ground, where they would be converted into electricity and delivered to PG&E’s power grid. Because the radio beam is spread out over a wide area, it would not be dangerous to people, airplanes, or wildlife.The plan requires a large area of land to host the ground receiving station’s antenna array, and several square miles of scrubland in western Fresno County could provide an ideal location. In addition to being sparsely populated, the region is also near transmission lines and a load center. While many of today’s land-based solar stations are located far out in the desert, a station closer to customers could offer greater convenience and economic advantages.Gary Spirnak, CEO of Solaren Corp. and a former aerospace engineer, noted that the project will cost more than $2 billion, mostly going toward engineering development and building of the ground station, as well as launching four or five satellites. So far, Solaren has raised an undisclosed sum from private investors.”While a system of this scale and exact configuration has not been built, the underlying technology is very mature and is based on communications satellite technology,” Spirnak said.Solaren’s project is not the only space-based solar system in the works; Japan’s space agency, JAXA, has recently begun testing a space-based solar array that beams energy to Earth in the form of microwaves. If the tests are successful, the agency plans to launch an array of satellites that would transmit power to a 1.8-mile-wide receiving station, which would generate enough electricity to power about half a million homes.More information: Q&A with Gary Spirnakvia: MSNBC and Fresno Bee© 2009 PhysOrg.com Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — In the near future, a solar power satellite may be supplying electricity to 250,000 homes around Fresno County, California. Unlike ground-based solar arrays, satellites would be unaffected by cloudy weather or night, and could generate power 24 hours a day. If successful and affordable, the project could mark the beginning of space-based solar power in other locations, as well. The microwave beam is targeted at a rectifying antenna array on Earth. Designers say the beam would have about one-sixth the intensity of noon sunlight. Image credit: Mafic Studios Inc. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Citation: Head-up display wins top navigation prize in Munich (2011, October 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-10-head-up-prize-munich.html The display carries virtual road signs to warn of conditions ahead. Attractions such as service stations and hotels are identified by virtual signs floating above them.The images appear to be outside the windshield from a distance of two meters to infinity. They are described as volumetric (“truly 3-D”) and they are capable of refreshing at a rate of 60 frames per second. The designers had pilot-level situational awareness in mind when working on the display design A no-need-to-think-about-it, realtime stream of information was the goal, yet it had to be cost-engineered for the car market, where drivers could see moving, not fixed, images, constantly refreshing. The system would have to be small, light and inexpensive enough to make its way into all cars. © 2011 PhysOrg.com “The world’s foremost automotive display researchers had essentially given up trying to push the size and cost of 3-D conformal HUDs down far enough to enter the automotive supply chain. We did not,” says a company spokesman.According to Making Virtual Solid, the technology requires a small hardware package, and can operate in bright sunlight,According to Inside GNSS, MVS-California has designs and manufacturing plans and is seeking ecosystem partners to build on its system’s potential use in automotive, trucking, marine, and avionics markets. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: galileo-masters.eu/index.php?k … anzeige=press47.htmlwww.mvs.net/technology.html#true3d The HUD system is described as an augmented reality navigational display engine designed to provide non-distracting, translucent location guidance. Images are projected directly onto the car’s windshield. “Non-distracting” and “translucent” are the strong attributes, as the company touts its system’s use of 3-D technology to beam the display across the entire front window of the car. With a less robust readout, that would be no better than a road map over glass, but “True3D” creates a readout that blends into what the driver sees on the road in front of the vehicle. A luminous, three-dimensional landscape over the real world delivers information that the driver needs without the driver having to look elsewhere than on the road, and it is less distracting too than a small rectangle nearby the windscreen wipers. Augmented reality windshield from GM to show drivers potential hazards (w/ Video) (PhysOrg.com) — A navigation system making use of something called “True3D” technology has won the top prize in this year’s European Satellite Navigation Competition in Munich, Germany. The ESNC is an international innovation contest that awards the best ideas for applications in satellite navigation. There were 401 proposals from almost 50 countries. The winner was selected by an international panel of experts. The company that designed the system, Making Virtual Solid (MVS-California), entered its True3D Head Up Display & Navigation System, which won the Galileo Master 2011 grand prize of 20,000 Euros.
More information: blogs.msdn.com/b/tzink/archive … -android-botnet.aspx (Phys.org) — A Microsoft engineer has spotted a botnet that targets Yahoo! Mail users using Android devices. Terry Zink , who also writes an Internet security blog, said he has evidence of a botnet running on Android devices where spam e-mail messages are being sent from Yahoo mail servers on Android devices, logging into Yahoo! mail accounts and sending off spam. Zink, embarking on a tracking expedition, reported how all the messages coming from compromised Yahoo! accounts and sent through Yahoo! Mail servers, seemed to finish with “Sent from Yahoo! Mail on Android” signatures. Image credit: Security Networks Explore further Zink was able to look up where the IPs were located: Chile, Indonesia, Lebanon, Oman, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Ukraine, and Venezuela. Zink’s theory is that the users of those phones had downloaded a malicious Android app in order to avoid paying for a legitimate version but they got more than they expected. “Either that or they acquired a rogue Yahoo Mail app,” he said.A botnet is a large number of compromised computers used to generate spam, and spread viruses. The spam samples he examined from compromised Yahoo accounts all had the Message-ID:Message-ID: 1341147286.19774.androidMobile@web140302.mail.bf1.yahoo.comHe also said they all had the same message at the bottom of their spam: “Sent from Yahoo! Mail on Android.”Android malware is a well-known fact of digital life, and last year security firms like McAfee spoke about sharp rises in Android malware. One reason given for Android’s vulnerability is that the platform simply provides, like Windows, a big marketplace and in turn serves as a big target for intruders. Like other security bloggers offering advice, where they suggest the user takes care to use trusted application stores and avoid unknown sources for apps, Zink said, “Your odds of downloading and installing a malicious Android app is pretty low if you get it from the Android Marketplace. But if you get it from some guy in a back alley on the Internet, the odds go way up.”Those minimizing the July 3 posting perhaps would not want to recall the news release one day earlier, on July 2, where Trend Micro said Android malware levels were rising at an alarming rate. In the first three months of the year the team identified 5,000 malicious applications designed to infect Android phones, a number which spiked more than fourfold over subsequent months. “Consumers need to use care when downloading and installing apps and should be considering installing antimalware on their mobile devices,” said the release.Last month, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded a $21.4 million contract to security firm Invincea to build security Android devices for the U.S. Army. The contract focus is to be protection of the devices against cyber-threats. Citation: Microsoft engineer eyeballs Android botnet (2012, July 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-microsoft-eyeballs-android-botnet.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Android Trojan dubbed ‘Geinimi’ found in legitimate applications © 2012 Phys.org
Modern computers are based on transistors – electronic based circuits that use a small amount of electrical charge to create and hold one of two states – “on” or “off.” This approach has allowed for the development of a wide variety of computing devices, but it also has its limits. The more logic gates a circuit has, the more electricity it requires, which means more heat buildup. It also means that circuits must be hard-wired, which limits the types of functions to which they can be put. Because of that, computers wind up having several types of dedicated circuit boards in them to carry out different applications, e.g. video, audio, CPU, etc. In this new research, the team from Korea has built a circuit that is based on switchable magnetism, and as a result, suffers from neither limitation.To create the circuit, the researchers built a logic gate controlled by magnetism. In practice, it’s a two layer bridge made out of the semiconducting material indium antimonide. The bottom layer has positively charged holes, while the top has mostly negatively charged electrons. Sending a magnetic field across the bridge in one direction causes the electrons to pass over the bridge and on through the circuit, sending it in the other direction causes the electrons to stop when they bump into the lower layer. The result is a logic gate that allows or disallows current to pass through – one state can be considered “on,” the other “off” representing “1” or “0.” And because the state of the logic gate is controlled by magnetism, it can be held in place in the absence of electricity. That means less heat and more importantly, an ability to program circuitry like software. A computer based on such logic gates would only need one circuit board – it could be reconfigured on the fly to carry out whatever purpose is needed, whenever that need comes about.There are still some serious issues to be addressed, of course, before such circuits could be used in real applications however, such as how to integrate them with silicon based technology – and perhaps more importantly how to control thousands or even millions of tiny magnets in a practical way in a computing device. More information: Magnetic-field-controlled reconfigurable semiconductor logic, Nature (2013) doi:10.1038/nature11817AbstractLogic devices based on magnetism show promise for increasing computational efficiency while decreasing consumed power. They offer zero quiescent power and yet combine novel functions such as programmable logic operation and non-volatile built-in memory. However, practical efforts to adapt a magnetic device to logic suffer from a low signal-to-noise ratio and other performance attributes that are not adequate for logic gates. Rather than exploiting magnetoresistive effects that result from spin-dependent transport of carriers, we have approached the development of a magnetic logic device in a different way: we use the phenomenon of large magnetoresistance found in non-magnetic semiconductors in high electric fields. Here we report a device showing a strong diode characteristic that is highly sensitive to both the sign and the magnitude of an external magnetic field, offering a reversible change between two different characteristic states by the application of a magnetic field. This feature results from magnetic control of carrier generation8 and recombination in an InSb p–n bilayer channel9. Simple circuits combining such elementary devices are fabricated and tested, and Boolean logic functions including AND, OR, NAND and NOR are performed. They are programmed dynamically by external electric or magnetic signals, demonstrating magnetic-field-controlled semiconductor reconfigurable logic at room temperature. This magnetic technology permits a new kind of spintronic device, characterized as a current switch rather than a voltage switch, and provides a simple and compact platform for non-volatile reconfigurable logic devices. Magnetoconductance tunable by external voltage. Credit: (c) Nature (2013) doi:10.1038/nature11817 Explore further (Phys.org)—A team of scientists from several research centers in South Korea, has succeeded in building a logic circuit that is based on switchable magnetism, rather than electronics. They describe their research and a prototype they’ve built in a paper they’ve had published in the journal Nature. © 2013 Phys.org Journal information: Nature Researchers develop better control for DNA-based computations Citation: Researchers build switchable magnetic logic gate (2013, January 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-01-switchable-magnetic-logic-gate.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
More information: Alex Teachey et al. Loose Ends for the Exomoon Candidate Host Kepler-1625b. arXiv:1904.11896 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1904.11896Laura Kreidberg et al. No Evidence for Lunar Transit in New Analysis of HST Observations of the Kepler-1625 System. arXiv:1904.10618 [astro-ph.EP]. arxiv.org/abs/1904.10618 René Heller et al. An alternative interpretation of the exomoon candidate signal in the combined Kepler and Hubble data of Kepler-1625, Astronomy & Astrophysics (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834913 Unconfirmed exomoon could be unlike any of those in our solar system Citation: Two studies cast doubt on existence of exomoon (2019, May 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-exomoon.html Two teams working independently have looked at the possibility of an exomoon circling the exoplanet Kepler-1625b, which orbits the star Kepler-1625. They report little to no evidence supporting its existence. One team, led by Laura Kreidberg, has written a paper describing their work, which is posted on the arXiv preprint server. Another team led by René Heller published a paper in the journal Astronomy Astrophysics. The team that announced possible evidence of the exomoon last year, led by Alex Teachey, has written another paper in response to the findings by the new researchers that is available on arXiv. © 2019 Science X Network Explore further Journal information: Astronomy & Astrophysics This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Last October, Teachey and colleagues published a paper describing evidence they had found for the possible existence of an exomoon. They had noted dips of light from its star recorded by the Kepler space telescope that suggested a large body circling Kepler-1625b. They found the same sort of dip in Hubble data. Such dips are generally indicative of a planet or other object interfering with light from its star as it passes in front of it—in this case, Kepler-1625. They also noted that Kepler-1625b had what appeared to be an odd transit—it began earlier than it should have and the dip in brightness that resulted did not return to normal for a period longer than calculations suggested it should have, comprising more evidence of an exomoon.The team led by Kreidberg analyzed the Hubble data using a different data-processing technique that has been used successfully for over seven years. They report no evidence of a dip other than that triggered by Kepler-1625b. The team led by Heller did observe a slight dip, but suggests it was not sufficient evidence of an exomoon. Both teams also saw the odd transit, but both suggest it could have been due to other phenomena, so attributing it to an exomoon was not warranted.In their reply, Teachey and his team took another look at their earlier results and suggest they warrant further observations of Kepler-1625b for more evidence. They also addressed the findings of Kreidberg’s team and noted that the technique used by the group could have resulted in some data being erased. Credit: CC0 Public Domain
In her exhibition titled Traditional Beats, Anuradha Thakur depicts the life and culture of tribal communities across India through her paintings. They portray tribal culture rooted in tradition and tribal life ever blossoming in accordance with the realities of existence.’The selection of paintings in the my collection focuses on rituals that create bonding, whether it be for newly-weds or for the community. Rituals, formal or informal, generate togetherness. The textures, patterns, forms, shapes and hues represent the regional flavour of traditional art from different areas of India and their combination is such that the rawness and dignity of tribal life are juxtaposed to create a spontaneous pleasing expression,’ said Thakur. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Thakur’s signature style is the use of black and white that defines strength complemented by earthen colours. The colour Black represents strength and sense of community that the people enhance by holding on to tradition and the earthen hues reflect the diversity of individual experience and expression. The use of black is generally considered to be heavy and hard and difficult to balance, but Anuradha effortlessly renders a lightness and grace, just as she does with the peculiarity of dance forms, the footwork, the costumes, the hairdos, the prints, decorations, ornaments and musical instruments. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHer earlier 11 collections were Autumn Harmony, Music of Life – Kutch, Colours of Life – North-East, Festive Rhythm – Jhabua, Songs of Nature – Nature, Earthen Harmony – Colour painting of Tribal Life, Ethereal Accords – Abstract, Transcending Rhythm – Maharashtra Managalagauri, Ethereal Rhythm – Abstract, Rhythm of the Seasons – Traditional Dances and Serene Harmony – Rajasthan.Anuradha has been awarded the All India Lokmanya Tilak Award at Pune. She has held 12 solo shows and 14 group shows in Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Goa, Jaipur and Sofia( Bulgaria). Traditional Beats being her 13th.DETAILAt: Gallery No-6, Lalit Kala Akademi, Mandi House When: 8 -15 NovemberTimings: 11 am – 8 pm
Exploring the unexplored. That is the motto of this exhibition that starts at the Lalit Kala Academy today. The works on display are by the two masters of modern Indian art – Nandalal Bose and Benodebehari Mukherjee – who need no introduction for art lovers.The current issue of ArtVarta (a bi-annual magazine by Akar Prakar gallery), which is on contemporary photography in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh put together by Ina Puri, will also be launched at the exhibition. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘The aim was to look for works which we haven’t seen before. I had decided we will not take works from any institution like Lalit Kala Academy or National Gallery of Modern Art and the others,’ said curator Debdutta Gupta. Another interesting aspect of the exhibition, Works by Nandalal Bose and Benodebehari Mukherjee, is that it will showcase textile designs by Mukherjee and his works from his days as a student in Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan. The exhibition, by Kolkata-based gallery Akar Prakar, had earlier received much appreciation when it took place in Kolkata. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThere are more than 190 works on display and about a 100 odd are on sale. ‘You can actually own a work by the masters within Rs 50,000,’ said Reena Lath, director, Akar Prakar. The exhibition also puts emphasis on letters by Nandalal Bose. Whenever Bose wrote a letter to a friend or relative or simply sent a postcard, he drew on it. One side of the letter contained words and the other side almost inevitably contained his drawings.All his works are an expression of his life experiences captured through the strokes of his pen. The postcards are drawn with subjects of mundane, everyday concerns. He drew about man and nature, little details of everyday living. On one of the postcards, which he drew while his stay at Hazaribagh (the letter was written to his son-in-law Santosh Kumar Bhanja). Here he captured the lives of the local potters in pen and ink; how they burnt the clay, what their furnace looked like and how the women carried earthen pots on their heads formed subjects of this letter. Bose observed certain technologies very minutely. Interestingly, he applied the knowledge that he gathered from this to his art. For example, he saw a device called a chumbu used for applying mehendi. He filled colours in such a chumbu and used them for drawing mountains. As a result of this experiment, the picture gained a relief-like effect. In later years, he introduced the technique of drawing with this device to his students at Santiniketan. Mukherjee was one of them. The works on display here will be the ones using water colour, wash technique, pen and ink, calligraphy, textile design, printmaking, lithograph and ink and brush. They have been sourced from private collections and families and friends of the artists.An untitled work by Bose (which he had sent to Abanindranth Tagore in Puri) shows a crow and a mouse. Bose did this in the Mughal miniature format using wash technique. Another by Mukherjee has Bijoya greetings on one side and the opposite is splashed with black ink. In the middle there are three leaves of the Nayantara flower found in abundance in Santiniketan. He drew this when he was already becoming blind.‘It shows how he translated his sorrow of visual impairment into the language of art,’ said curator Gupta. We think this one is worth a dekko.DETAILAt: Lalit Kala Academy, Rabindra Bhavan, 35, Feroze Shah Road When: 11 to 17 December
‘We do not believe in conservation,’ rues photographer Nemai Ghosh. And Ghosh has reasons to be upset because his photographs are not mere prints, they are chronicles of the history of Indian cinema. ‘This is national treasure but no one has bothered to preserve it for future generations to see,’ he regrets. From being the only photographer the iconic Satyajit Ray allowed on his sets to taking pictures on the sets of other stalwarts of Indian cinema like Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak and MS Satyu, Ghosh can claim to have seen Indian cinema at close quarters — like few others have. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’And yet in a year when Indian cinema celebrates its centenary year, not too many efforts have been made to bring the works to the limelight and let the cinema enthusiasts get a glimpse of the rich history of Indian films. Neither the film industry nor the government came forward to preserve his photographs for posterity. ‘No government did anything. Neither the central government nor the state government,’ said a visibly upset Ghosh.Famously called Satyajit Ray’s photographer, Ghosh’s works would have laid in a corner of his Calcutta house, all but forgotten, but thanks to a Delhi-based gallery, they are now up for view in the Capital. Ghosh has given the gallery 1 lakh 20 thousand negatives at ‘cost price’. Of the humongous collection, about 208 are on display, informs curator Pramod Kumar KG. ‘It took three years just to catalogue the collection. We tried to focus on Ghosh the photographer rather than Ghosh as Ray’s photographer. The aim was to showcase his photographic genius,’ said Pramod. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThis though, isn’t the first exhibition of Ghosh’s works. His photographs have been exhibited at the Cannes Film Festival, in Paris, London and Brussels internationally and also in Delhi and Calcutta. ‘Manjit Bawa had organised an exhibition in Delhi,’ informs Ghosh. The photographs on display have images captured on the sets of various movies and otherwise. From Naseeruddin Shah to Smita Patil, Simi Garewal, Om Puri, Utpal Dutt, Soumitra Chatterjee, Moon Moon Sen, Jaya Bachchan, Sharmila Tagore, Rati Agnihotri, Sunny Deol — they are all there. One aspect of Ghosh’s photographs is that he does not use the flash. His use of natural light was greatly influenced by the legendary lighting expert in Bengali theatre — Tapas Sen. Some of the photographs stay with you. Like one of Sharmila Tagore in her stylish best, with curlers in her hair, head wrapped in a scarf, on location in the forests of Palamu during Aranyer Din Ratri. Or another of Dharmendra and Moushumi Chatterjee playing badminton on the sets of a movie. Then there is one of Ray at the Shore Temple beach on the outskirts of Chennai during the shooting of the documentary Bala. And another of Jaya Bachchan and husband Amitabh sharing a joke — much before attaining superstardom.Did he ever face any difficulty in shooting the stars? Never, contends Ghosh. ‘I always used to take candid shots. Every person has a good angle. It is for me to find that out,’ he says. His favourites in terms of photographs? Jaya Bachchan, Soumitra Chatterjee and Bengali superstar Uttam Kumar. Catch the exhibition to find the history of Indian cinema unveil before you. Because it’s worth it!DETAILAt: Delhi Art Gallery, 11, Hauz Ghas VillageOn Till: 28 January Phone: 4600 5300
Kolkata: Police arrested a middle-aged man from Bally in Howrah on charges of cheating people for assuring them of getting loans from nationalised banks within just four days.Police said the person, Soumen Bagchi, is being remanded to police custody till May 5 after he was produced before a city court.It was in the first week of April, when one Kartik Chandra Dey had lodged a complaint with the Burabazar police station alleging that Rs 30,000 was withdrawn from his bank account in Burabazar branch of a nationalised bank. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsPolice initiated a probe and came to know from the complainant that he had got a cell phone number from an advertisement near Sealdah Station. It was stated in the advertisement that it would be possible to ensure a loan from nationalized bank within four days. He was in a desperate need for money and dialed the number.He was directed to keep photocopies of his PAN card, voter’s identity card and two blank cheques ready at home and a representative will visit his house to collect the same. Next day, a youth went to his house and asked him to sign a loan application and collected the other related documents. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe next day Dey found that Rs 30,000 was withdrawn from his bank account and he lodged a complaint with the police.Based on the allegation, a woman civil volunteer contacted the person posing as a person who needs a loan and finally reached the prime accused, Bagchi. Police had followed a youth, who had collected the documents from the woman civil volunteer, who went to Bally in Howrah to handover the documents to Bagchi. Investigation revealed that Bagchi used to recruit unemployed youth assuring a monthly salary of Rs 9,000. He used to send the same youth to withdraw the money using cheques with forged signatures done by Bagchi.
Kolkata: South Eastern Railway has started work to develop Shalimar Station to make it an alternative terminal and cater to more long distance trains originating and terminating from the city. “There is capacity restriction at Howrah station. The railway terminal at Shalimar is crippled by poor road and poor connectivity. We are developing this station by providing all modern amenities presently available at major stations of Indian Railways. In addition, unidirectional double-road connectivity to nearby Andul Road has been planned to facilitate quick entry and dispersal of passengers,” a senior spokesperson of SER said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsPresently, there are two platforms at Shalimar and 4 long distance trains (both daily and weekly) terminate from it. “The third platform will be ready soon and two more platforms will come up so that more long distance trains can terminate from Shalimar and ease the Howrah’s pressure,” a senior official said. Work for phase I will involve construction of a station building, a foot overbridge, circulating road, three overhead reservoir each with 3 gallon capacity. “A pedestrian sub-way connecting platforms and other locations and a water treatment will also come up,” the official maintained. Work for the first phase is expected to be completed by December 2020. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedIn phase II, there will be a flyover, another railway overbridge, remodelling of yards, pedestrian subway connecting jetty services and other facilities like escalator, electrical sub station, signage among others. “We are in talks with the concerned authority for ferry services. Shalimar can be connected with Garden Reach and Babughat through ferry service and this will be of immense help to the commuters,” the official said. The development of the terminal also includes creating parking lots for cars, taxis, two wheelers, buses and auto terminus for which the railway authorities are in talks with the state government. The entire project cost as estimated by SER will be around Rs 357.2 crore. Meanwhile, for the convenience of the passengers, Eastern Railway will run 6 (six) pairs of summer special trains between Howrah and New Jalpaiguri. 03059 Howrah – New Jalpaiguri weekly summer special will leave Howrah station on every Tuesday between May 22 and May 26 at 10.50 PM to reach New Jalpaiguri at 1.05 PM on the next day. The train will have air-conditioned and sleeper class accommodation.
Kolkata: In a major breakthrough, the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) arrested four key activists of the newly formed terrorist organisation Greater Cooch Behar Liberation Organisation (GCLO).The arrest came on Saturday night, when the CID officers used a decoy and invited them for a meeting near Roy Para at Naxalbari.Nirmal Roy, who is a resident of Agomani near Dhubri in Assam, claimed himself to be the chief of GCLO. Nirmal was arrested along with Kandarpa Das (23), a resident of Ghogapar in Baksa district of Assam, Ratan Adhikary (28), a resident of Khagrabari in Cooch Behar and Dipi Prasad Roy (18) of Netajipara in Dhupguri. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe CID officers had been maintaining a vigil since Nirmal had posted a video on a social networking site, announcing the formation of the terrorist organisation, of which he was the chief.Being the chief of the organisation, Nirmal had declared a bandh on July 31 and had also threatened of carrying out bomb blasts on railway tracks and government offices.The investigating officers are considering it to be a major arrest, as it has happened when the organisation was formed just a few days ago. It will also help the CID officers to know if Nirmal and the other members of GCLO had connection with any other terrorist organisations.The investigating officers are also trying to know about other members of the group and how many they have managed to bring into their organisation so far. The police wanted to know about their sympathisers as well.
A metropolitan magistrate’s court here on Saturday extended the judicial custody of Indrani Mukerjea, the prime accused in the Sheena Bora murder case, and two others till November 7 after their earlier remand ended.This was the first time all the three accused — Indrani, her former husband Sanjeev Khanna and former driver Shyamvar Rai– were produced before the court after the CBI took over the investigation last month.The CBI lawyer sought a fresh permission to interrogate the trio in jail. The magistrate N B Shinde said it may question them further till November 7. To a court’s query, the CBI lawyer said the agency had quizzed Indrani twice, but needed to question her further. Also Read – Punjab on alert after release of excess water from Bhakra damCBI has also sought Indrani’s voice sample for verifying call records which purportedly feature her voice. But today her lawyer Gunjan Mangala said her client had been feeling drowsy and needed a proper medical treatment.Indrani had cooperated with the agency but her medical condition was not good, therefore she should not be interrogated, the lawyer said. The magistrate then directed CBI to obtain Indrani’s fitness report before interrogating her.
One can visit and buy goodies at attractive prices as Khadi Village Industries Commission (KVIC) under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India is participating in the 35th edition of India International Trade Fair which is organised by India Trade Promotion Organization, Government of India.The fair which began on November 14 has the theme ‘Make In India’ which was finalised by India Trade Promotion Organization. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’This is the biggest ever Pavilion inside and outside of the Hall No: 15 admeasuring 2834 sq meters. Around 200 participants comprising Khadi institutions and PMEGP units across the country shall put up their most exquisite products in the pavilion in a grand manner. In addition to Khadi institutions and PMEGP units, first time, 10 nationalized banks have also associated with KVIC as sponsor and put-up their stalls inside the pavilion. A theme pavilion in tune with the theme of IITF-2015 is also being setup featuring the vision document of KVIC. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFirst time the technical demonstration of spinning and weaving of khadi and selfie with Gandhiji and charkha is also arranged inside the pavilion to attract youth and connect with Khadi.Kalraj Mishra, Union Minister for MSME, Government of India inaugurated KVIC Pavilion with lighting the traditional lamp and Giriraj Singh, Minister of State for MSME along with Dr Anup K Pujari, Secretary, MSME, government of India was guest of Honour. On the inaugural function Vinai Kumar Saxena, Chairman, KVIC, Jai Prakash Tomar, Member, KVIC, LC Goel, Chairman & Managing Director ITPO, SN Tripathi, Development Commissioner-MSME, BH Anil Kumar, Joint Secretary, MSME, Arun Kumar Jha, Chief Executive Officer, KVIC were also present. Arun Kumar Jha, Chief Executive Officer, KVIC said that almost every variety of khadi produced across the country such as moonga and endi silk , peshmina shawls, kosa silk, muslin khadi, wide range of sarees from West Bengal, Orissa, Karnataka, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu, blankets, jackets, phirans, woolen caps and others are displayed. A very wide range of designer readymade designed by young entrepreneurs under the PMEGP will also be displayed to attract youths.Besides Khadi, the wide range of REGP/PMEGP products are also displayed, which includes herbal cosmetic, shampoos, soaps, cane and bamboo products of North East, wood carving furniture of Saharanpur, artificial jewelry, Punjabi Jutti, Achar, Anwala Murabba, Bikanery Namkeens, pickles, leather products, lamps, miniatures, different varieties of honey, papier machie, ceramic/terracotta art wares, computers, tablets, frame painting, handmade paper products, incensed sticks, perfumes, sandal wood oil and products, bell metals etc.
Kolkata: Six persons were arrested in connection with the dreaded criminal Rammurty Dewar, alias Ramua’s murder on Friday night.According to police, Rammurty Dewar’s wife Kajal was involved in an extra-marital affair with one Kartik Yadav of Howrah since the past few years. Yadav, along with Kajal, and their son Samir were the masterminds of the murder. The rest three involved are Samir’s friends. Police sources informed that Kajal and Samir had told police that on the night of January 13 as many as five-six miscreants entered their rented flat at Amarabati in Sodepur and took Samir at gunpoint. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedLater, they allegedly shot Ramua dead and fled. During the probe, it was suspected he was murdered by one of his rivals. But while questioning Kajal, the sleuths found several contradictory statements. Smelling a foul play, police kept on questioning Kajal and Samir in different rooms. As there were several discrepancies in their statements, the sleuths grew suspicious. On Friday, both of them were again interrogated where Kajal admitted to have killed Ramua with her son. Kajal claimed she did the crime because they were subjected to Ramua’s regular torture. The sleuths came to know about Yadav, who is an insurance agent by profession and arrested him from Barrackpore. Sources informed that he had met Kajal while issuing an insurance policy around three years ago. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseRamua came to know about his wife’s affair when he was in judicial custody and had allegedly threatened Yadav. Meanwhile, Yadav came to know that Ramua wanted his son to be a gangster but Samir refused. As a result, he was regularly beaten up by Ramua. Later, Samir allegedly prepared the plan with Yadav and his mother to kill Ramua. To kill his own father, Samir contacted his school friends — Vishal Menon and Shyamsundar Rao. Prashant Kumar Singh, who is a third-year student of mechanical engineering, was arranged. They had used Ramua’s pistol to kill him in an inebriated state. Though Ramua saw Samir’s friends approaching him, he could not save himself as he was unable to stand up. To reduce the sound of firing, the accused had used a pillow. Prashant was arrested from Durgapur on Friday night. Menon and Rao have been arrested from Jamshedpur and brought to Khardah police station. The sleuths have recovered Ramua’s pistol along with five rounds of bullet and Rs 30,000 from them.
Is your child not getting ample sleep due to early school hours? Beware, your kid is more likely to develop depression and anxiety, warns a new study. The study reveals that children, who start schooling before 8:30 a.m., get insufficient sleep or barely meet the minimum amount of sleep, that is 8-10 hours, needed for healthy functioning of the body. “Even when a student is doing everything else right to get a good night’s sleep, early school start times put more pressure on the sleep process and increase mental health symptoms, while later school start times appear to be a strong protective factor for teenager,” said Jack Peltz, Professor at the University of Rochester in the US. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfSchool timings not only affect the sleeping habits but also the daily functioning of the body. It aggravates major health problems like obesity, heart disease and others in adulthood. The study, published in the journal Sleep Health, suggested that maintaining a consistent bedtime, getting between eight and 10 hours of sleep, limiting caffeine, turning off the television, cell phone and video games before bed may boost sleep quality as well as mental health. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe researchers used an online tool to collect data from 197 students across the country between the ages of 14 and 17. The results showed that good sleep hygiene was directly associated with lower average daily depressive or anxiety symptoms across all students. The risk of depression was even lower in the students who started school after 8:30 a.m. in comparison to those who started early.”One possible explanation for the difference may be that earlier starting students have more pressure on them to get high quality sleep,” Peltz stressed.
For the second time since November 2016, the Supreme Court has temporarily banned the sale of firecrackers in the National Capital Region. And given that it came just 10 days before the festival, many people seemed to be surprised at the sudden decision. Despite delivering a big blow to the industry, the ban on sale of firecrackers is a small solution to a bigger problem. North India needs a more holistic solution to the toxic fumes which residents breathe at the onset of winter. Even though the relative contribution of vehicular pollution, construction dust, waste burning, and crop burning in the neighbouring regions are indeterminate, these remain some of the major sources of pollution in the Delhi-NCR region. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfWhile many residents agree to the trials and tribulations of the firecracker sale ban, they also agree that this was a necessary first step towards a better and healthy future. These residents, from different parts of the Capital share how they plan to celebrate their Diwali and what they think about the chaos i.e. firecracker sale ban.The Chhabra’s Archita, a journalism student, who lives in Paschim Vihar says that cracker sale ban did not affect her at all because they have stopped burning crackers a long time ago. “The main reason behind not burning crackers, for me was to protect the stray dogs. I have seen how painful and scary it is for them. Also, burning crackers is one of the major contributors to the pollution so, it was a big no for me already and I believe putting a ban to the sales is absolutely the right decision.” The daughter of Roop Chhabra, a businessman, plans to celebrate this Diwali by playing UNO, dancing and eating together with her friends and family. And being an animal lover, she will also try to give shelter to the dogs in her parking area for that day. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe DU friends Jaya Arya and Abhilasha Salkar are all in for an eco-friendly Diwali. “The firecracker sale ban did not affect in any way as I will be celebrating cracker-free Diwali this year and adopt the same strategy in the coming years as well. I am definitely in favour of the ban. At least now, the pollution from crackers won’t add up to the existing pollution from different sources. Everyone should light diyas and have an eco-friendly Diwali,” insisted Jaya. Whereas Abhilasha, who is pursuing her Masters in English, along with Jaya wants to celebrate the festival with lots of lights, friends and family, and sweets. She believes that crackers are not the microcosm of Diwali and appreciates the initiative by the Government. The Punjabi familyManinderjeet Singh and his family from Janakpuri will be meeting their relatives on Diwali night as they plan to spend the festival dancing and eating together. On the other hand, Maninder feels that there are two sides to firecracker ban. He says, “Firecrackers are a big source of air and noise pollution which cause a lot of chronic health problems. It is also wastage of money and hence, I am in full support of the ban on the sale of crackers but it cannot be ignored that the industry provides employment to lakhs of workers.” One thing that Maninder and his family agree on is the onset of alarmingly increased pollution levels after Diwali.The Nuclear family”Ban on cracker sale doesn’t affect us in any way because like every year, we are going to sit together and have a good time with family and friends,” says S K Bal. The nuclear family from Dwarka says that this decision was needed a long time ago. “If you have been through last year’s toxic Diwali in Delhi, then you will support the ban. In fact, there should be a complete ban on firecrackers until the situation gets under control.” The youngest in the family and an engineering student, Ronak, traverses frequently between Dwarka and Greater Noida and he can feel the huge difference in the air quality between. He says, “One can feel the smog in the air of the Capital. Last year, it was horrendous – burning eyes, parched throat and smog everywhere. I think this is one of the landmark decisions by the Supreme Court. When you have 10 or 20 times more pollution than the permissible levels, then I think it’s high time that we do something about it,” he added.
Gestures and hospitality are not the only ways to make guests feel welcome as your home interiors and decor play a very crucial role when it comes to making the visitors feel the warmth and love. Experts list a few tips to create a winter friendly aura: Trying out a dark colour scheme in rooms with a lot of windows will help create a cozy and soothing look. Generating a monochromatic look would help to add warmth and texture to the space. A mix of pastels with brass and silver will add a touch of elegance to the space, making it look sophisticated. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAdd an extra layer of comfort to your couch and your beds with a throw. 4Bring in warmer hues with wall hangings and wall arts that make the vibe of your space more pleasing for the season. Floor cushions in heavy jacquards and earthy colour tones can become a living room essential for coffee time. Add an extra layer of texture to your indoor plants with jute baskets. They sync in perfectly with the mood of the season and make it less gloomy.
Heavier and taller children may be at an increased risk of developing kidney cancer as adults, a study has found. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer found in adults. Although it often occurs in men between the ages of 50 and 70, the cancer can be diagnosed throughout adulthood. “We know that overweight in adulthood is associated with an increased risk of RCC. We also know that cancers take many years to develop,” said Britt Wang Jensen, from the Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital in Denmark. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”We therefore had a theory that already being overweight in childhood would increase the risk of RCC later in life,” Jensen said in a statement. To tease out the relationships between childhood body size and the risk of RCC in adulthood, researchers used data from 301,422 children born in Copenhagen in the years 1930 to 1985. The weights and heights were measured at annual school health examinations at the ages 7-13 years. During about 32 years of observation, 1,010 individuals (680 men) were diagnosed with RCC. Among men and women significant and positive associations were observed between childhood BMI and height, respectively, and RCC risk. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWhen comparing two 13-year old children with one z-score difference in BMI –equivalent to 5.9 kg for boys and 6.8 kg for girls – but with similar height, the heaviest child had a 14 per cent higher risk of RCC than the leaner child. For height, a one z-score difference in two 13-year old children was associated with a 12 per cent increased risk of RCC later in life for the taller boy or girl. “We have found in other studies that childhood height is positively associated with several cancer forms. Therefore, we did expect to find that tall children have a higher risk of RCC than average-sized children.” Findings that heavier and taller children have increased risks of RCC opens new ways to explore the causes of kidney cancer.
The Rubik’s Cube celebrates its 45th birthday this year, and is still popular today. An estimated 350 million of this smart toy have been sold, earning it a position as the world’s top-selling puzzle type game, and possibly the best-selling toy ever. Rubik’s puzzles now come in different shapes and sizes, but the logic behind them stays the same: To align one side of the cube in the same color and it is extremely difficult.The cube was devised in 1974 by Hungarian inventor Ernő Rubik. More than 350 million have been sold.According to the thorough research of mathematicians there is an amazing number of 43 quintillion permutations one can achieve with this toy and finding a right one is extremely hard, especially because one has to think 20 steps ahead, which is not easy for our brains that are used to thinking ahead, but not that much.Diagram from Larry D. Nichols’ 1972 patent for his “Puzzle with Pieces Rotatable in Groups”. The 2×2×2 cube is held together with magnets.Rubik’s Cube bears the name of its inventor, Hungarian architecture professor Ernő Rubik. He taught at the Budapest School of Commercial Art but is known to the world not for his profession directly, but for his ingenious invention.He studied both sculpture and architecture, and built geometric models as a hobby. While pursuing his hobby he hit on the idea of making a small puzzle consisting of 27 wooden blocks to teach his students about tridimensional objects.Packaging of Rubik’s Cube, Toy of the Year 1980 – Ideal Toy Corp., made in Hungary. Photo by Jpacarter CC BY-SA 3.0It took Rubik himself a whole month to solve his puzzle for the first time. The cube proved to be perfect for teaching algebraic group theory, so he decided to patent it in 1975.Rubik’s Cube partially disassembled. Photo by Curis CC BY 2.5In 1977 the cube started to be manufactured and sold as a toy in Hungary, under the name Magic Cube. After signing a contract with American toy manufacturer Ideal Toys in 1979, the puzzle was rebranded as Rubik’s Cube started to be sold worldwide.This is when the numbers skyrocketed — in 1980, 4.5 million units were sold and the numbers kept on rising. The Rubik’s Cube craze had started. By 1981 it had won best toy awards in Germany, France, the U.K and the U.S., and books on how to solve Rubik’s Cube flooded the market.Soon there were pirated versions all over the place and its distribution was impossible to control.Mountaineer solving Rubik’s Cube during 1982 expedition in Pamir Mountains to peak Tartu Ülikool 350. Photo by Jaan Künnap CC BY-SA 4.0Even with a plethora of YouTube tutorials and other online guides teaching us how to solve the cube available to us today, people still struggle obsessively to crack the mystery. And the feeling is amazing, according to those who have succeeded.There is even talk about Rubik’s Cube addiction being a real thing.The current colour scheme of a Rubik’s Cube.For some, completing Rubik’s Cube has become a lifetime devotion. Graham Parker from Hampshire, England took 26 years to solve it, refusing to “cheat” by looking for the answer online or in a book. Parker told the BBC that he’d spent more than 27,400 hours puzzling over the cube since he bought it in 1983: “He wept when he completed it. It had caused him backache and put a strain on his marriage, he admitted.”For many dedicated fans, once was not enough. They complete Rubik’s Cube time and time again to improve their speed, or add an extra dimension to the challenge such as being blindfold.The 1980s were the years when Rubik’s Cube ruled the world; there were legends about fans so invested in solving the mystery that their marriages were divorced. One fan allegedly developed tendinitis in her wrists from compulsively repeating the rotating motion used to solve the cube.Rubik’s Cube invented by a Hungarian architect Ernő Rubik in 1974. The popular 3-dimensional puzzle was originally called Magic Cube.There still are records to be broken and championships that are held for people to compete who is the fastest in coming to the solution.The competitions are diverse, some are done blindfolded, under the water, only with feet etc. However, the popularity started to decrease from 1982 onward, and in the 90s it seemed that the cube was partly forgotten, except among the diehard fans.However, with the boom of internet and the amount of people that now use it, the Rubik’s cube is regaining its popularity.Read another story from us: How was Stonehenge so Precisely Built? These Cylinders Might Have the KeyPopularity of the toy spiked in 2006 and 2007 following the release of The Pursuit in Happyness in which Chris Gardner (Will Smith) impresses a manager of a major stock brokerage firm by solving the cube during a shared taxi ride, landing himself a life-changing internship. It seems that the mysterious puzzle is here with us to stay.