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Ernest Shackleton’s desperate 1916 open boat voyage over hundreds of miles of stormy seas is hailed as an epic feat that saved his stranded crew, but more interesting to a Harvard physician is the tale of the 22 crewmen left behind on tiny Elephant Island and the work of two doctors who tended them.The physicians, Alexander Macklin and James McIlroy, lanced abscesses and pulled teeth, for starters. Their most impressive accomplishment was saving a crewman’s life by amputating toes that were so badly frostbitten they were turning gangrenous.The work was detailed in a paper published in the journal Anesthesiology by Paul Firth, an assistant professor of anesthesiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS) and a pediatric anesthesiologist at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Firth reviewed eyewitness reports, diaries, and other documents to write a thorough account of the surgery, which was conducted on an operating table made of wooden boxes laid out beneath the overturned lifeboat sheltering the crew.The doctors knocked out the patient by dripping chloroform onto a cloth held over his face and completed the amputation in less than an hour. Despite the rigors of the procedure, a complete recovery followed.A collection of anaesthetics used during the Endurance mission at Mass General Hospital. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff PhotographerThe two-year ordeal of Shackleton and his crew began when the Endurance left England in 1914, sailing south with the aim of completing the first coast-to-coast crossing of Antarctica via the South Pole. The ship became stuck in pack ice before reaching Antarctica, however, and sank, stranding the crew on an ice floe. When the floe began to break up, the crewmen used their lifeboats to reach Elephant Island. Shackleton took a boat and small crew and set out for a whaling station hundreds of miles away, on South Georgia Island.On arriving at South Georgia two weeks later, Shackleton immediately set about a plan to rescue his men. But it took four tries and four months, during which time the physicians took on life-or-death roles.To Firth, the surgery was doubly impressive because chloroform can be difficult, not to mention extremely dangerous, to administer — too little is as potentially deadly as too much. Also, it breaks down in the presence of flame into the poison gas of World War I battlefields, phosgene, putting surgeons and nurses at lethal risk. Shackleton in business school Case study examines how exceptional leadership saved Endurance crew Related “To deliver a safe anesthesia [and] perform a nice neat surgery in those circumstances is quite astonishing,” Firth said. “To basically put together the whole improvisation … essentially construct an operating theater and to warm it and to deliver the anesthetic, which is very difficult in that cold temperature, is a lot of innovation.”Firth credited the operation’s success to skill administering the proper dose and the drafty nature of the crude shelter — warmed by a stove burning penguin pelts and seal blubber — which prevented the buildup of poisonous gases.Firth knows the hazards of extreme environments firsthand. He has participated in several mountaineering expeditions and led the 2004 American-Norwegian North Everest Expedition, which put the first Norwegian woman on the summit and got Firth within 500 meters of the top of the world.In 2008, Firth published a detailed analysis of the 212 climbers who have died on Everest, finding that the most dangerous time is not the climb to the top, but the descent through the highest regions when exhaustion is high and judgment poor, potentially exacerbated by the effects of altitude sickness on the brain.When asked about his own experience of getting so close to top of the world and turning around, Firth said he applied the lesson he learned from Shackleton, who failed to reach the South Pole and survived, and Robert Scott, who reached the Pole in 1912 but died on the return trip.“I’d actually studied the Antarctic people in the past … so I had very strongly in my mind it wasn’t getting there, it was the getting back that was important,” Firth said. “That was kind of a lesson that I’d learned from Shackleton before I ever went to Everest.”SaveSaveSaveSaveSave
Published on October 26, 2017 at 12:40 pm Contact Nick: [email protected] | @nick_a_alvarez Lindsay and his four siblings — Sparkle, Cheri, Zach and Marcus — hardly went to friends’ houses. They bonded as they played in and around the family’s four-bedroom home. As children, Lindsay routinely wrestled his younger brothers before his two older sisters leveled the field. Their competitive nature lent itself to sports. As they approached high school, they realized the importance of scholarships. Troy, who drove a city bus, and Diane, who was a psychotherapist, made it clear to their children that they couldn’t afford college.“College wasn’t an option,” Troy said. “We stressed you can either work and pay your way through it or take the sports route. All of them had confidence. It was a matter of pulling it out of them.”When Lindsay’s eldest sister Sparkle earned a basketball scholarship from Colorado Mesa University, the rest hurried to follow her lead. Cheri received a volleyball scholarship to Prairie View A&M. Zach went to North Colorado for football. Lindsay, meanwhile, was offered a scholarship from Colorado as he pursued the Denver Public Schools career-rushing record that had stood for 33 years. The name at the top of the list read Troy Lindsay, who had run for 4,400 yards.“I’m going to break my pop’s record,” Lindsay, who then wore number 22 for his father, said in 2013. “I’m going to make him proud.”Lindsay wanted his parents in the stands for that game, he always said that he had “an extra boost” when they were watching him live. In the first game of his senior year, Lindsay eclipsed his father’s record and also tore his left ACL after making a quick cut. His season was over, his career in doubt.In rehab, Lindsay was motivated by Diane. As he rehabbed, her muscle disease worsened. Her hair fell out. Her feet felt numb. Calcium deposits restricted her ability to walk.Colorado honored its commitment and Lindsay redshirted his freshman year. In practice, a 165-pound Lindsay needed to be restrained from fighting offensive lineman, and he earned him the nickname “The Tasmanian Devil.”In 2015, Lindsay started six of the team’s 13 games and embraced his increased public visibility. He started going to elementary schools and talking to children. He knew how important his parents were in his development and wanted to be a role model. He went to local schools in Denver, Aurora and Boulder and preached the importance of grades and giving back to others.“Kids need to know that they are loved,” Lindsay said. “They need to know that someone is there for them. When they are doing something wrong, they need to know that too.” Lindsay’s star power grew last year when Colorado rose to national prominence behind his 1,252 rushing yards. Still, Diane had a staphylococcus infection and couldn’t attend any of his games. On Nov. 26, 2016, then-No. 9 Colorado was one win away from clinching the Pac-12 South crown.The Lindsays don’t have the money to travel to away games, so it was the last game Diane could have seen in person. Troy went down to the field before kickoff and checked in with his son. He then turned around and pointed to Diane, who sat in the stands. As the Buffaloes celebrated an eventual 27-22 victory, Lindsay broke out a wide smile and embraced his mother in the stands.“I believe in the right things,” Lindsay said. “Anytime I have a decision, it’s based on what my parents would do … Times got hard. At the hardest times, your true character shows. I remember them buckling down and not showing that everything was wrong.” Comments Facebook Twitter Google+ Last December at a pregame luncheon, one day before Phillip Lindsay led the resurgent Colorado Buffaloes to the Valero Alamo Bowl, a reporter asked him a question: What will he do when his football career ends?Lindsay grew up in Aurora, Colorado, a neighborhood where “not a lot of good goes on.” Troy and Diane, his parents, struggled to provide for Lindsay and his four siblings. Five years ago, a burglar broke into his home and beat Rambo, his dog. Lindsay has seen tragedy and wants to create change. So, when asked the question, he didn’t hesitate and said he would eventually trade in his shoulder pads for a police officer’s badge.“There’s a lot of people that are doing the wrong things,” Lindsay said. “A lot of people do good, but the bad gets more publicity right now. We need to know that there’s good stuff going on too.”His sense of community comes from his family; tattooed above his heart, Lindsay has the phrase “Family First.” In his family, the women get this inscribed on their ankles and the men above their hearts. Troy, who coached him and his brothers until high school, is Lindsay’s role model. He taught his son the importance of giving back even when there wasn’t much to give.His mother, Diane, taught him how to fight as she battled a muscle disease. They are why he plays football for Colorado (4-4, 1-4 Pac-12) and has tallied up 1,093 rushing yards, the sixth-highest total in the nation. They have instilled in Lindsay that football is a platform to better the world around him.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“I don’t want to represent the community because of football or because of my name,” Troy remembered his son telling him. “’I just want to help.’”
The battle to win club rugby’s first silverware of the season draws to a close on Friday – and Harlequins’ Harry Sloan says his side are eyeing glory.Quins join Worcester Warriors, Saracens, Newcastle Falcons, Leicester Tigers and Gloucester Rugby in the final of the J.P. Morgan Asset Management Premiership Rugby 7s Series after qualifying from the group stage at Sarries’ Allianz Park.Speaking at Bath Rugby’s The Recreation Ground – which will host the final – Sloan was adamant Quins can be crowned champions.“Even in the group stages you are playing Premiership clubs so any 7s team is going to be brilliant,” he said.“They have got all the youngsters coming up so it is always going to be a fast game and you have to be aware of what is going on.“All three competitions so far through to the final have been tough so we are going to have to up our game because all of the best teams have gone through, but we are confident.”Click here to buy tickets to the J.P. Morgan Premiership Rugby 7s Final at Bath.See also:Harlequins coach eyeing 7s title Ward eyes 7s triumph after Quins progressDominant Quins progress to 7s finals after winning 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The top problem with Android, according to 63% of respondents, is device fragmentation. Other areas of concern include weak traction in Android tablets (30%) and the existence of multiple Android app stores (28%). However, Android fragmentation is not developers’ main concern in the area of mobile fragmentation. More pressing is the issue with skills fragmentation (Objective-C vs Java, for example), they said, and the fragmentation of OS’s and their capabilities (iOS vs. Android vs. Windows Phone, for example). But even here, the issue of fragmentation was present. Some cloud SDKs are not available to all device platforms, for example. The survey also asked about the always hotly debated “mobile apps vs. mobile Web” question and found the community closely split between developing native apps (48%) or developing “both” native apps and for the Web (42%). Only 10% of die-hards said we should build for the mobile Web only. Also of note, the number one reason developers were interested in mobile Web development was the ease of cross-platform development.Developers interested in the full report can read it now here. Note on Survey methodology: This quarter’s report had the biggest sample size to date: over 2,700 developers, with 35% “indie” developers and 65% businesses participating. 40% of developers were from the U.S., 40% from Europe and the remaining 20% were from other parts of the world. In terms of competing with the mobile giants, 42% developers think that Microsoft’s partnership with Nokia will have more of an impact than RIM’s support for Android apps on its PlayBook and future smartphones (30%).Cloud Computing Increasingly Important on MobileThe final part of the survey looked into cloud computing and its impact on mobile. Today, 84% of developers and businesses said they’re building cloud-connected applications. On average, the respondents reported using 13 of the 44 cloud-enabled and cloud-connected services the survey asked about. Momentum surrounding the Android mobile platform has reached a plateau, with developers now refocusing their efforts on building apps for Apple devices. This somewhat surprising conclusion is just one of many new trends spotted by Appcelerator and analyst firm IDC in their jointly produced developer report based off a survey of over 2,700 active developers worldwide.According the report, developer interest in Android is waning due to concerns around fragmentation issues and the early, disappointing results from Android tablet sales.While such a shift in developer mindset could allow for increased attention for other players, namely BlackBerry, Microsoft, Nokia and HP, two-thirds of developers reported they don’t think that any of those companies can reverse the momentum that Apple and Google have today. That said, when it comes to placing an operating system (OS) in the third slot in terms of developer interest, the survey found that Microsoft’s Windows Phone 7 has now unseated RIM’s BlackBerry platform.Apple Still on Top, Google PlateausInterest in Apple iOS development remains high, with 91% of developers reporting interest in iPhone and 86% reporting interest in developing for iPad. iOS fell by one point (iPhone went from 92% to 91%, iPad from 87% to 86%, from January to April 2011), but overall, the platform is strong. 9 out of 10 developers are still building for iPhone. With Android Tablets, Interest Doesn’t Match RealityThere’s a sizeable discrepancy between developers’ reported interest in Android as a tablet OS (71% claim interest here) and the number of developers who are actually in the process of building an app for an Android tablet today. For instance, only 52% are interested in building for one of the leading Android tablets today, the Samsung Galaxy Tab. 44% are interested in building for the Motorola Xoom, 31% in the HTC Flyer, and for the rest of the lot, interest is minimal. Tags:#Android#apps#mobile#news#Trends Related Posts sarah perez Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement In some cases, explained Scott Schwarzhoff, Appcelerator’s VP of Marketing, the issue is more one of awareness. For instance, Barnes & Noble’s Nook just opened up its own Android app store this week, after this survey was compiled. But with the larger brand names, the issue has more to do with the value of these tablets themselves. Considering the price points set for some of these devices, a consumer may have to ask whether they want an Android tablet or an HDTV, Schwarzhoff noted. In addition, reviews by members of the media have said these new Android tablets feel rushed and aren’t differentiated enough from the iPad to be a worthy alternative for the money being asked.Some of these issues will resolve themselves in time, Schwarzhoff believes. There’s too much momentum behind Android, he said, for this not to be fixed. In other words, Android’s plateau here may be temporary, as market issues work themselves out.RIM, Windows Phone 7 Show DeclinesOn the second tier, when compared with last quarter, interest in developing for RIM and Microsoft platforms dropped substantially. Interest in Microsoft’s Windows Phone fell 7 points to 29%, while interest in BlackBerry fell 11 points to 27%. These changes put Microsoft’s Windows Phone in the third slot in terms of OS interest, with BlackBerry falling further behind.The problem may not be with the platforms themselves, though, but more of an issue with time, the survey found. 46% of developers said they simply don’t have enough time after dealing with iOS and Android to focus on other platforms. And as noted above, even more (59%) say they think that both Apple and Google are too far ahed for anyone else to catch up. The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Meanwhile, Android smartphone interest saw a slight, 2-point drop to 85%, but Android tablets fell 3 points to 71% since the prior survey from Q1 2011. The tablet drop in particular appears to represent a discrepancy between the increasing interest in Android as a tablet platform, and the interest in developing for the actual hardware available today.
Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend LATEST STORIES Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Murray Wimbledon top seed for first time John McEnroe SCREEN GRAB from Instagram/@barclayscenterTennis icon John McEnroe further ignited the flames of his recent beef with Serena Williams by refusing to apologize for his earlier statements.The 58-year-old legend, who’s best known for his temperamental outbursts during his playing days, recently earned the ire of netizens for claiming that Williams would be ranked “like 700 in the world” if she played in the men’s circuit.ADVERTISEMENT China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend View comments LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next What ‘missteps’? MOST READ McEnroe had the opportunity to express contrition during a guesting at the CBS’ “This Morning” show.“Would you like to apologize?” the program’s co-host Norah O’Donnell asked McEnroe on Tuesday (Wednesday in Manila), as relayed by Bleacher Report.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“No,” he replied. “It was not necessary. I didn’t know it would create controversy.”The four-time US Open singles winner added that the issue was blown out of proportion, more than it should have. “I respect Serena very much so and I was simply calling her on NPR—which supposedly this is where you can say it like it is and you’re gonna get honest feedback,” he said. “She’s the greatest player, female player, that’s ever lived.”Williams, on the other hand, earned the support of netizens for her dignified response to McEnroe’s criticism. Khristian Ibarrola /raRELATED STORY:Serena Williams cheered by netizens after answering John McEnroe’s backhanded complimentADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games
South African middle-order batsman David Miller has quit first-class cricket in a bid to concentrate on his limited overs game ahead of next year’s World Cup in England and Wales.The 29-year-old, who jointly holds the record for the fastest Twenty20 International century off 35 balls, is a regular in South Africa’s limited overs teams and says he would rather focus on “the format I love”.”It was a tough decision to make,” Miller said in a media release from Cricket South Africa on Tuesday. “I have decided that I would, in future, like to concentrate on white ball cricket to make sure that I am in a position to give myself the best opportunity to play for the Proteas in the format that I love.”This is an important decision for me, especially with the World Cup looming next year.”Miller added he would play domestic limited overs cricket this season for the Durban-based Dolphins.”I will be available to play for the Dolphins in all limited-overs competitions and will give it my all to help them win trophies this season,” he added.Miller has scored 3,342 runs in 63 first-class matches, averaging 36.32 with six centuries and 19 half-centuries.The left-handed batsman has not been capped at test level, but CSA Chief Executive Thabang Moroe is hopeful that he will make himself available in first-class cricket in the future.”It is disappointing to lose David from our pool of potential test players,” Moroe said. “At the age of 29 he still has many years of good cricket left in him in all formats but at the same time we have to understand that he wants to throw his full weight into helping the Proteas to win the ICC World Cup.advertisement”He has time on his hands to resume his first-class career in due course and I sincerely hope that we have not seen the last of him in red ball cricket where he has shown his undeniable talents in the past.”
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say PSV striker Donyell Malen back on agenda of Arsenalby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the lovePSV Eindhoven’s £50million-rated striker Donyell Malen is back on the agenda of Arsenal.The Mirror says Arsenal are monitoring Malen – two years after allowing the young Dutchman to move back to Holland for just £500,000.No fewer than 45 clubs have asked PSV to keep them informed of their plans for the 20-year-old international, who was dubbed the new Thierry Henry when he spent two seasons with the Gunners’ youth team.Malen has scored 11 goals in just 13 matches in four competitions for Eindhoven this season after hitting double figures in his breakthrough campaign.Eindhoven believe he is already worth 100 times the sum they paid Arsenal to secure his services.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Man Utd hero Ince questions move for Juventus striker Mandzukicby Freddie Taylor9 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United hero Paul Ince does not believe Mario Mandzukic would be an astute signing. The Juventus striker is being linked with a January move to Old Trafford.”I don’t think Mandzukic is the answer,” Ince told the Mirror.”I feel that you never get your best players in January, clubs don’t sell their best players in January, so whoever Manchester United are going to get is going to be a stop-gap.”If they’re looking to go down the young route then they should be looking at young strikers, not Zlatan [Ibrahimovic] or Mandzukic.”
TORONTO – The chief executive officer of Toronto’s transit agency is leaving his post to take a job as president and CEO of New York City Transit.Andy Byford — who announced his resignation Tuesday, six years after joining the Toronto Transit Commission — will remain on the job until Dec. 22, when deputy CEO Rick Leary is expected to take over as acting CEO.Byford told a news conference his time at the TTC has been the “absolute highlight” of his 28-year transit career to date.He says running New York City Transit is arguably the toughest job in transit right now and he’s looking forward to taking up the challenge beginning in mid-January.Byford says his last task in Toronto will be to open a long-awaited subway extension from north Toronto to Vaughan, Ont.Byford said he is most proud of his work on changing the prevailing culture at the TTC to make the organization more diverse and focus on supporting its employees.“World-class service can only be delivered through a highly motivated, well-informed team that wants to succeed and that feels supported in their mission,” he said. “We have put huge effort into changing the way we manage — focusing our attention on the vast majority of TTC employees that deliver great service day in and day out.”Byford also described an order of new streetcars from Bombardier as an “immensely frustrating” part of his time as CEO.“The fact that we only have 50 new streetcars now when we really should have about 150 of them is both a disappointment and a frustration,” he said. “Until the day I leave, every week now I’m having a weekly conference call with Bombardier to go through unit by unit where is it, when are we getting it.”Toronto Mayor John Tory said Byford is leaving the TTC in much better shape than it was when he became CEO.“Byford has been no less than superb when it comes to taking the tens of millions of additional dollars city council has given the TTC … and investing this new money quickly and wisely in restoring services previously cut and adding new service,” Tory said.Ontario’s transportation minister also wished Byford well.“On behalf of the province of Ontario I want to thank Andy not only for his leadership at the TTC but also for his unwavering and unquestionable dedication to getting the people of Toronto moving,” Steven Del Duca said in a statement.Byford came to the TTC from Australia, where he held the position of CEO for the Rail Corporation New South Wales. He had also previously held several positions with rail operators in the United Kingdom, including the London Underground.
KHARTOUM – The South Sudan ambassador in Khartoum insisted on Sunday that the ongoing conflict in his country between President Salva Kiir and sacked vice president Riek Machar is political in nature, and not motivated by tribal rivalries.Ambassador Mayan Dut Wol said five out of the seven members of the ruling party’s political bureau who supported Machar are from Kiir’s Denka tribe while the other two are from Machar’s Nuer tribe.This proves that “the conflict is about political differences among the ruling party leadership,” Wol told a press conference in Khartoum. Violence erupted in South Sudan, the world’s newest country, last week when Kiir accused Machar of standing behind a botched military coup.South Sudan has been rocked by violence since last Sunday when President Salva Kiir accused sacked vice-president Riek Machar of masterminding a coup.Machar has, for his part, denied any involvement in the alleged coup attempt.Ambassador Wol suggested the situation has now returned to normal, except in the two Unity and Jonglei States.Forces loyal to the sacked vice-president are currently controlling the oil-rich Bentiu, the capital of Unity State.Security conditions in Bor, capital of Jonglei State, a stronghold of Machar’s Nuer tribe, also deteriorated significantly, with heavy fighting reported.The Nuer tribe and Kiir’s Dinka tribe represent South Sudan’s two largest tribes. Together, they account for some 80 percent of the fledging country’s total population of 11 million.-No meddling-Ambassador Wol, meanwhile, denied any involvement of Sudan in the ongoing conflict in his country.“Any talk linking Khartoum with what is going on in Juba is incorrect and contrary to the truth and reality,” he insisted.The diplomat praised Sudan’s official position toward the events in his country.“The position of both, the government and people of Sudan, was positive toward the current situation”, he added.He said Sudan had not offered to mediate between the rival parties in South Sudan.“There is no mediating proposal from Sudan in this regard, but Sudan is a part of the IGAD, [Inter-governmental Authority on Development], who are currently mediating to end the current political crisis in South Sudan,” he said.The IGAD ministerial delegation returned to Addis Ababa late Saturday after failing to broker a political solution to the crisis in South Sudan.The delegation – comprised of the foreign ministers of Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya and Uganda.